Are You feeling Happy, Frustrated Or Depressed?
A need is something which is required for an organisms to survive a normal life. Many needs are often distinguished from desires. For a desire, a lack of it results in a clear undesirable result: loss or a malfunction. However, when we speak of a need, we refer to a higher order of need: a higher level of requirement.
In order to explain human needs we first need to understand the meaning of the concept of “needy” and its psychological counterpart, the term “desire.” The word “desire” comes from the Latin verb “des” which means wish or desire. It can also mean craving or yearning. A desire is something which motivates an agent to act. It can be compared to a muscular action which is caused by the stimulation of a particular part of the brain which has been linked to rational thought and self-interest.
A desire is a higher order psychological feature which is not directed towards an object. The word “drive” comes from the German verb “drache” which means “to want.” The drive to act is directed towards some goal which is considered desirable. A person who lacks the drive to follow his own desires would be described as lacking a drive or “drive.”
A need is a higher order psychological feature for the same reasons as above: it is directed to some desired end. The drive to act is not, however, directed towards an object. A person lacking a need may be described as lacking an interest or liking. One example of a need for human beings is the need to eat. This need can be compared to hunger pains which occur only when the body is unable to digest or absorb something because there is no sufficient food supply in the stomach.
A desire, on the other hand, is a higher order psychological feature which is directed to an object. A desire, for instance, to travel by land or sea is a desire to do something whereas an appetite for chocolate candy is not. In psychological terms, a desire would be a “virtual necessity” while a need would be a “virtual want.” Since desires are always productive, they have an advantage over needs; that is, they satisfy our needs even when they don’t satisfy our desires or they cannot be realized as such.
On the other hand, a need can sometimes lead to dissatisfaction and frustration which leads to depression. This situation is referred to as unhappiness. We know that happiness and sadness are two of the most important psychological aspects in our lives. We are all aware of how we feel when we are sad or lonely. However, unhappiness is often more severe than sadness and it can even lead to suicidal tendencies if we do not handle it properly.