Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) is a long-term neurological disease that can affect anyone of any age. The symptoms are typically based in the musculoskeletal system and central nervous system. Many times, these symptoms will also affect the immune system. Other conditions that can be associated with ME include gastroparesis, fibromyalgia, and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
People who have ME can be treated with antidepressants and medications. In addition to these, a variety of therapies may be used to help relieve the symptoms. This can include changing lifestyles and adapting daily activities. For instance, pacing can help people with ME match activity to their energy level.
There is no known cure for ME. Although ME can be diagnosed, the symptoms of the illness can be unpredictable. Most of the time, the main symptom is extreme fatigue. While there is no clear cause of the illness, it has been linked to gene activity in white blood cells. However, more research is needed to determine a cause.
Because of the nature of the condition, it can take years for a person to receive a proper diagnosis. As a result, many people with ME are misdiagnosed and don’t get the help they need. If you are diagnosed with ME, your doctor will prescribe a treatment. These treatments can improve your symptoms and enable you to live more actively.
People who have moderate or severe forms of ME will be limited in their physical and cognitive abilities. They will have difficulty performing daily tasks such as exercising, driving, or studying. Moreover, they may have problems with sleep. When sleeping, they may wake up frequently and have difficulty going back to sleep. Their condition can also interfere with their social life.
In some cases, a patient can be bedridden for a long period of time. They may need assistance with their eating, or have to use a wheelchair to move around. Likewise, they may need to be referred to a pain clinic if they are suffering from intense pain.
Having extreme fatigue is a common symptom of ME. It is physically and mentally exhausting, causing people with ME to have to stop doing things they once could do. Depending on the severity of the disease, a patient may need to be bedridden for long periods of time.
Patients with mild or moderate ME are often able to engage in light domestic activities such as cooking and cleaning. However, they may need to rest during the afternoon.
In some cases, patients with mild or moderate ME can also benefit from physiotherapy and a modified diet. The main aim of these treatments is to decrease the amount of stress a person experiences. Also, people who are affected by ME can be sensitive to certain medications. During physiotherapy, the patient may need to be monitored for side effects.
Some patients with severe forms of ME will be unable to leave their homes. In such a situation, they will need around-the-clock care. Besides, they will also require the help of others to carry out their daily needs.