Need is a psychological trait that drives an organism to action, giving it purpose and meaning. It was first proposed by Abraham Maslow, who established a hierarchy of psychological needs. While intuitively appealing, the model has proved difficult to test experimentally. Clayton Alderfer and others developed the model and further refined it. This article focuses on one such need: respect. While respect is an extremely important need, it isn’t the only one.
In addition to physical needs, people may have several other needs. They may feel the need for power and belonging, or they may seek achievement and affiliation. The latter can be a good way to measure the need for fulfillment. If someone is feeling dissatisfied, they may regress to another need to satisfy their frustration. Similarly, someone who is feeling esteem may resent the need for social approval from higher management. The underlying need for belonging and power drives human behavior.
Despite its disadvantages, some colleges have begun addressing this issue by making admissions need-blind. Some colleges have started this policy and have seen an increase in enrollments and offers. In the long run, it will save money and provide a more diverse environment at their institution. However, need-blind admissions may not be a realistic option for many colleges. If the number of need-blind applicants increases, the college may not be able to meet its financial goals.
Many colleges do not discuss their financial aid policies. However, the truth is, there is a fine line between the right amount of financial aid for all students. Some schools are “need blind” because they do not consider need, and therefore cannot provide enough financial assistance to meet the total need of every student. While need-blind colleges cannot provide enough aid for every student, need-aware colleges can meet 100% of a student’s need.
As a result of need-blind admissions, many colleges have been able to boost net revenue from tuition and fees. In 2015, Macalester saw a significant increase in tuition revenue, up from $28.7 million in 2005 and $27 million in 2006. Need-blind admissions at schools like Wesleyan have had positive effects on diversity measures and the Pell Grants. Hamilton College’s fall 2010 class experienced a substantial boost in fund raising.
A move to become “need blind” is a controversial political decision. The idea of need blind admissions cuts to the core of the notions of meritocracy and equal opportunity. Some students, however, are concerned that it will make them feel worse about their academic performance. By changing admission policies, institutions can focus their limited resources on serving a diverse student body. That’s why need-blind admissions is a crucial step in helping institutions serve the needs of low-income families.
Need-blind admissions are also very competitive, but it’s important to know which institution is right for you. Most need-blind institutions offer generous financial packages for qualified students, but be sure to choose a school that meets your personal needs. While they may sound good on paper, if you’re looking for a particular opportunity or program, it’s probably better to apply elsewhere. It’s always better to have more options than a lack of funding.